Wednesday, March 6, 2019
Media Studies Ã¢â¬ Podcasting and Radio
Ben Hammersley of the Guardian first discussed the approaching of podcasting engineering science entirely two years ago (Hammersley, 2004). Yet this vernally created communications rut has grown from being a small niche market with scarce six thousand hits on Google in 2004 according to Terdimann (2004) as compared to right aways excess of forty-one million (Google, 2006). Podcasting has changed receiving set with breathtaking speed, removing roughly all barriers to access in ways that lucre intercommunicate was never able to on its own. This paper testament discuss how and why podcasting is the radio receivercommunication of the future because of its convenience, intimacy and ease of access.Podcasting DefinedIn simple terms, podcasting is a digital practice of medicine file that is presented to the end user within an RSS feed, where RSS is a grouping of different feed formats used to update and publish weave limit. Users subscribe to an RSS to listen to sound reco rding files, are automatically updated each beat a new-fangled file is uploaded, and can listen to the podcasts on whatsoever MP3 player. What makes podcasting unusual is the automatic updating portion of the system instead of having to arrest to a particular website to see if the content has been updated, the users subscribed-to feeds automatically deliver the content on-demand.A Brief History of Radio as Related to PodcastingInitially, radio was used in the late 19th century for users separated by geography to communicate. However, other people started overhearing these radio transmissions and slowly it became a marrow with which to talk to a larger populace, evidenced by BBCs start-up ternion decades later.It didnt take long for radio listeners to realize radios potential domain as shown by comments made in 1930The radio would be the finest possible communication apparatus in public life, a vast net fashion of pipes. That is to say, it would be if it knew how to receive as well as to transmit, how to let the listener speak as well as hear, how to puzzle him into a relationship non isolating him (Bretcht, 1993).Interestingly, these comments seem to describe podcasting to a tee, as anyone can transmit information using this technology, with no higher(prenominal) authority monitoring its use.A similar growth pattern is seen when reviewing the advent of Internet radio as well, with the 1995 creation of Real Audio software, allowing radio stations to send transmissions through the Internet instead of through other, more than traditional processes (Priestman, 2001). While this was a huge breakthrough in technology and access to mediums preliminaryly controlled by geography and cost, it still made Internet radio dependent on positioning you had to be in introductory of a computer to listen (Wall, 2004). This lack of portability has somewhat been trumped by new WiFi radio options in the UK (Rose, 2005), but that discussion is beyond the scope of this p aper.Podcastings Origins Portable music devices first appeared in the late 90s ( new wave Buskirk, 2005) but it wasnt until Apples 2001 release of the iPod that podcasting became a fellowship name. At that time, no other commercial venture had successfully sell legally available songs online and then facilitated transferring them onto a digital media device.Podcasting Success FactorsWe must go back in time to 1996 to determine just why MP3 players such(prenominal) as the iPod and podcasting in general took off at such an alarming rate. It was at this time when The Telecommunications Act of 1996 changed American radio forevermore by allowing companies to own more than four radio stations in a specific market and more than forty nationwide, both of which were previous limiters (Mann, 2005).This allowed Clear Channel, one of the more infamous radio station consolidators, to amalgamate well over one thousand stations across the U.S. using their tried-and-true content-weak system of p roviding lots of specifically targeted music to a specifically targeted consumer and the do-gooder of even more commercial time. It seems evident, then, that radio listeners were well primed for an on-demand music service with fewer (or no) commercials without the WalMart of radio forcing listening decisions.How Has, and Will, Podcasting Changed Radio?In a sense, podcasting has changed radio into a new medium entirely. Now anyone, anywhere, with no antecedent radio, media or telecommunications knowledge can create a podcast for listeners around the reality to enjoy, respond to and interact with. Plus, it has provided access to public figures in ways that radio couldnt previously, as with Vice-Presidential candidate John Edwards kitchen table duologue or President Bushs weekly radio addresses (see http//www.whitehouse.gov/radio). emerging applications of podcasting technology are only limited by the accessibility of MP3 players and the inventiveness of the users. The next step o f all-access, user-driven radio is to take the smaller hand-held devices transfer podcasts (technology which is just become available now) through wireless technology. This will work in tandem with real movement towards Wi-Max networks (where entire cities have wireless access availability instead of merely chosen hotspots), enabling users to deport the costs of downloading content through their cellular phone providers or current fatport company. In fact, the Nokia N91 was to be released earlier this year with this same technology on board (Rose, 2005).Yet as MacFarland stated in 1997The answer will lie not so much in technical improvements to audio reproduction as in improvements to the product the audience is seeking programing that is responsive to the listeners needs.Conventional radio stations have already picked up on this trend such as the Boston-based goof FM which boasts an iPod-like random playlist complete with an I dont care attitude as shown by the DJs stag me ntions of the companys tag line Playing What We Want. Although podcasting may not reconnect traditional radio listeners with their radio roots (such as CBC has through with(p) in Canada with Radio One), it may add increased interest on the part of listeners, intent on learning more about new media and music not previously available to them.Some media experts may nip that podcasting is the end of radio as we know it, but rather it should be looked at as new way, method, technology and available to connect near with an audience hard to pin down and even harder to communicate with. kit and caboodle CitedB, Brecht. The Radio as an Apparatus of Communication. Radiotexte. Ed. Neil Strauss . New York Semiotext(e), 1993.SEARCH Podcasting. Google. Google. 30 Nov 2006 .Hammersley, B. Audible revolution. Guardian Unlimited Technology. 12 Feb 2004. Media Guardian. 30 Nov 2006 .Mann, Charles. The Ressurection of Indie Radio. fit Magazine 13.03Mar 2005 30 Nov 2005.Priestman, Chris. Web Radio Production for Internet Streaming. capital of the United Kingdom Focal Press, 2001.Rose, Frank. Battle for the Soul of the MP3 Phone. Wired Magazine 13.11Nov 2005 30 Nov 2006.Terdiman, Daniel. You, Too, Can Be a Podcaster. Wired News 31 dec 2004 30 Nov 2006.Wall, T. The Political Economy of Internet Radio. The Radio Journal 2(2004) 27-44.Van Buskirk, Eliot. Introducing the Worlds First MP3 Player. MP3 Insider. 21 Jan 2005. CNET Reviews. 30 Nov 2006 .